Ever found hard skin like growth under the feet? Well, they can be callus or corns that are under the feet. It usually is harmless, but in some cases, it can be painful and can cause discomfort. Therefore, it is important to remove them and treat them in time before they turn a problem. Usually, they will go away if taken care of. In severe doctors, consultations are required as well. It is better to see a doctor if a corn or callus is filled with pus or any kind of fluid. There are many ways for treating corns on bottom of feet. Some of them can be done at home as well.
Types of corns and calluses
There are can be any type of calluses and corns, like:
- Callus: These are small dead skin hard patches on the body.
- Plantar callus: These are small calluses found under the feet.
- Soft corn: Found in between the toes, they are soft in the centre and tender.
- Hard corn:These corns’ tend to have a sharp and dense core with a harder outer covering.
Why is it caused?
Corns and calluses are caused then there is a continuous abrasion and pressure on the skin. The dead skins tend to create a hard patch with repetitive friction on the area. It ends up causing corns and calluses that is rough and does not slough off easy.
The most common reasons why the calluses and corns are caused on the foot are:
- Ill-fitting footwear
- Not wearing socks
- Foot deformities like bunions, hammertoe etc.
Common symptoms that show the presence of callus or corn are:
- Rough skin patches
- Waxy and flaky skin
Treating corns and calluses
Some of the ways of treating corns on bottom of feet are:
- Stop wearing shoes that cause friction: If one has a callus or corn on or under their feet, the chances are that their shoes are causing friction. The first step is to remove the source of friction.
- Filing: One can file the dead skin layers on the callus and corns slowly. Take care not to overdo it. One can use emery boards, foot brushes or pumice stones etc.
- OTC products: There are many OTC products that one can use to reduce the corns or calluses like salicylic acid.
- Clinical treatments: In case none of the things works, then one can choose to visit the doctor and get the corn clinically removed. This included both physical and chemical treatments.
Wearing the proper and reducing skin friction are some ways that one can prevent corns and calluses. Also, one should take care of their feet and try to remove dry and dead skin as soon as they start accumulating.